Real-time Digital Quantification of SARS-CoV-2 viral RNA with Solid-State Nanopores for Rapid Detection of COVID-19
The urgency of the global health crisis caused by the novel corona virus SARS-CoV-2 calls for the development of rapid, low-cost, and accurate diagnostic tests. New technologies have emerged that can interrogate individual molecules to enable important new opportunities in healthcare, but to be effective tools for the fight against COVID‑19 and future epidemics, they require the realization of two critical criteria. First, new tools will require ultrasensitivity, to enable detection of just a few copies of a pathogen in a sample. Second, since the benefit of early detection can be lost if the results are delayed and the opportunity to use those results for timely intervention is missed, these tools must also democratize detection, moving from centralized core labs to more rapid, low-cost testing on site.
Nanopore sensing is the most promising emerging ultrasensitive technology that is amenable to decentralization. Nanopores are inherently single molecule detectors and are entirely electrical in nature, with no need for complex and expensive optical components and dyes. They are uniquely suited to provide ultrasensitive detection in a miniaturized, portable, easy to use, and decentralized format.
In this proposal, we will establish proof of concept of solid-state nanopores as single-molecule electronic sensors for rapid and ultra-sensitive identification of SARS-CoV-2, compatible with an instrument platform the size of a smart phone, by demonstrating real-time counting of copies of the viral RNA generated from a customized amplification scheme. This project is uniquely positioned to advance the nanopore sensing field, and to strengthen the Canadian stake in this emerging area and in the larger diagnostics sector developing novel testing technologies for COVID-19. With this project, Canadians can look forward to better, faster, more precise, and more convenient molecular tests, especially in remote settings.